Mitigation Strategies and Accounting Methods for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transportation
Over the past several decades, urban areas in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region have been experiencing increased economic productivity and an explosion in population growth. Such rises in productivity and employment opportunities are attracting rural area dwellers into cities. From 2000 to 2010, per capita incomes in LAC countries rose by nearly 50 percent, while in some of these countries, motor vehicle numbers have also increased rapidly. Today, LAC is the most urbanized region in the developing world with approximately 80 percent of the population living in urban clusters of large cities marked by sprawling suburbs and exurbs. With such rapid population growth and to support the increases in productivity and competitiveness, LAC cities strive to provide passenger and goods mobility. However, such transportation infrastructure provision presents a significant challenge: to maximize economic productivity and growth, while minimizing the negative environmental and social impacts.